DEWSBURY TKD

AIM HIGH FITNESS FOR LIFE

title

StanceSeogi
Closed Feet StanceMoa Seogi
Ready MotionJoonbe Seogi
Parallel StanceNaranhi Seogi 
Front Stance Ap Koo Bi 
Walking Stance Ap Seogi
Back Stance Dwitkoobi 
Horse RidingJoochoom Seogi 
Cross Stance (Front) Up-kkoaseogi
Cross Stance (back)Dwi-kkoaseogi
Crane StanceHakdari Seogi
Left-hand Stance Wen Seogi
Right-hand Stance Oreun Seogi
Tiger StanceBeom Seogi
  
Block   Makki
Down / low Block    Arae Makki
High Block     Eulgool Makki
Inward BlockAn Makki
Knife hand Block (Double)Sonnal Makki
Knife hand Block (Single)Han-Sonnal Makki
Middle Block Momtong Makki
Outward BlockBakkat Makki
Palm Heel BlockBatangson () Makki
Scissors Block Kawi Makki
Twist BlockBituro Makki
Wide Open Block Santeul Makki
Spreading BlockHechyo Makki
X-BlockOtgoreo Makki
  
Punch   Jireuki
PunchJireuki
Reverse Punch Bahro Jireuki
Straight PunchBandae Jireuki
Middle PunchMomtong Jireuki
Upper Cut Strike       Chi Jireuki
Side PunchYop Jireuki
Hook PunchDollyo Jireuki
Downward PunchNaeryo Jireuki
Erected Fist PunchSewo Jireuki
  
Strike   Chigi
StrikeChigi
Knifehand Strike (inward)Sonnal An-Chigi
Knifehand Strike (outward)Sonnal Bakkat-Chigi
Hammer Fist (Down)Meori-Naeryo Chigi
Palm Heal StrikeBatangson Teok-chigi
Elbow Palkup Chigi
Knee StrikeMureup Chigi
Back Fist Strike  Deung Jumeok Chigi
Fingertips (2) ThrustKawinsonkkeut Tzireuki
  
KickChagi
Front KickAp Chagi
Roundhouse KickDollyo Chagi
Side KickYop Chagi
Between Front & RoundBandal Chagi
Axe KickNareyo or Chiko Chagi
Back KickDwi Chagi
Hook KickNakka Chagi
Thrashing KickHuryo Chagi
Push KickMireo Chagi
Stretch Kick (Swing)Ap-Ollyo Chagi
Swing Kick (outward)Bakkat Chagi
Swing Kick (inward)An Chagi
Target kickPyojeok Chagi
Twist KickBitureo Chagi
  
Other useful Terminology 
  
StudioDo Jang 
FlagKook Ki
UniformDo Boak
BeltDhee
Grade (Color Belt) Gup
Degree (Black Belt) Dan
Thank YouKamSa Hamnida
Tae Kwon DoFoot-Hand-Art/Mind
YellKiap
RedHong
BlueChung
FormPoomse
Sparring    Gyoroogi 
BreakingKyokpa
Sr. StudentSun Bae Nim
FriendChin Goo
Bow to Flag(s)Koo Ki Eh, Kyung Neh
Bow to Master Kwan Jang Nim Key, Kyung Neh
Assistant Instructor    (1 Dan)Chokyo (Nim)
Assistant Instructor    (2 Dan)Keo Sa (Nim)
Assistant Instructor    (3 Dan)Keo Bum (Nim)
Instructor (4 Dan or higher) Sa Bum (Nim)
Head of OrganizationKwan Jang (Nim)
Counting 1-20 
1.…..Hana 
2...…Dool 
3...…Set 
4...…Net 
5...…Dasut 
6...…Yosut 
7...…Ill Gop 
8...…Yo dol 
9...…A-Hoop 
10.…Yoal 
11.…Yoal-Hana 
20.…Soo Mool
Counting 21-100 
21.…Soo Mool Hana 
30.…Saroon 
31.…Saroon Hana 
40.…Mahoon 
41.…Mahoon Hana 
50.…Shioon 
60.…Yesoon 
70.…Ilheun 
80.…Yudoon 
90.…Aheun 
100...Bak

STANCES

Although there are strong similarities in stances through out Taekwondo schools, individual instructors often have their own preferred style. For example, in the Charyot stance, feet are often at 45 degrees, keeping eyes forward while bowing. However, many instructors prefer the feet parallel forward, with the eyes facing toward the floor while bowing (as a sign of respect and trust for those around them).

 

DiagramNameDescription
Image:Charyot.gifAttention Stance

Also known as:

  • Charyot Sogi
This is the attention position used before and after class.
The feet are at 45 degrees.
When bowing you bend 15 degrees forward, keeping your eyes facing your opponent.
Image:ClosedStance.gifClosed Stance

Also known as:

  • Moa Sogi
This can be either full facing or side facing.
There are three varieties, Moa Sogi A, Moa Sogi B and Moa Sogi C.
Image:WalkingStance.gifWalking Stance

Also known as:

  • Gunnun Sogi
  • Ap Kubi
  • Move Foward Stance
Walking stance is used when mobility is important. It is also a precursor of the fighting stance according to some authors. Body should be relaxed. From the attention stance with feet together, one foot is placed straight ahead of the other, about a normal walking step. Some style teaches to step side way slightly. The distance between both heels is about a shoulder length to one-half shoulder length. Rear toes are turned outward about 30 degrees. The weight should be 50-50
Image:LStance.gifL Stance

Also known as:

  • Niunja Sogi
  • Dwi Kubi
  • Back stance
  • Hoogulsagee
This stance is specifically focused on shifting weight to the back leg, as it offers much more control, and makes it easier to kick off the front leg. To perform this stance, the body faces to the side, with the front foot facing forwards, front leg bent. The back leg is bent slightly, and the foot is turned outwards perpendicular to the front foot. When learning this stance, it is helpful to use a mirror. Align your feet as stated above and make sure your body is turned so only your front shoulder is visible through the mirror. Since there is virtually no weight on that front leg, it can be swept without affecting the practitioner's overall balance. The weight distribution of this stance is 30%-70%. Both legs should be slightly bent, the back foot or the foot with the most weight on it should be bent in slightly. the back knee should be over the foot.
Image:ParallelStance.gifParallel Stance

Also known as:

  • Naranhi Sogi
  • Command position
Ready Stance refers to the most common ready position use Tae Kwon Do training. Ready Stance is performed by standing with the feet one shoulder length apart, measured from the outside edge (Foot Sword) of the feet, with arms slightly bent and loosely held fists about one fist size apart just below the navel and the fists should be a fist size away from the body. Muscles are relaxed to promote movement speed from this position. This stance and its variants are most often used at the start of pattens. The student should be alert and aware, inhale and breathe out 1/3 of the air in your lungs.
Image:RearFootStance.gifRear Foot Stance

Also known as:

  • Dwit Bal Sogi
  • Cat stance
  • Tiger stance
  • Bom Sogi (Korean for Tiger stance)
Stand with your front foot facing forwards and the back foot turned 45 degrees to the side, keep the feet quite close together. Shift most of your weight to your back foot, so the front foot is only for balance and you can kick from it with little body weight shifted.This stance appears in Taeguek ChilJang, which is the red belt pattern. You should also stay on the ball of your front foot for perfect balance.
Image:SittingStance.gifSitting Stance

Also known as:

  • Annun Sogi
  • Jumchum Sogi
  • horse/riding stance
  • middle stance
The sitting stance is generally used to practice punches. It is similar to the ready stance. Feet are placed much wider, about two-shoulder length's apart. Also, the knees are deeply bent. The shins should be kept perpendicular to the floor. This requires the knees to move outwards away from the body. The hands are held in fists, on the hips at belt level, with the thumbs up. When a punch is thrown, the hand rotates 180 degrees to turn knuckles up before making contact. In combat it is used when being grappled in order to have a wide stance and low center of gravity, giving stability (compare with Judo and wrestling defensive stances). Short range punches can be used on the target who is holding one around the waist. Some examples are: the last movement in Taeguek 7 - a side punch in Juchum Seogi, and stepping forward in diagonal in Juchum Seogi and punching in Hoshinsul technique. This stance can be used instead of a L-stance to perform a sidekick. The weight distribution of this stance is 50%-50% and should be directed inwards.

This stance can also be used as a stretch. The object is typically to keep the back straight while lowering the buttocks down to the ground with the legs spread keeping shins perpendicular to the floor. The ultimate goal is to maintain this posture while the tips of the belt touch the ground.